Bail is the amount that the court requires a defendant to pay so that the defendant can be released from jail, but only until their court date. Not everyone is given bail especially if the crime that a person is accused of is severe. The person who gets to decide whether or not the accused can post bail is the judge. https://thejuse.com/2018/10/11/you-can-get-your-bail-money-back-after-the-case/ is one of the authority sites on this topic. The judge takes into account certain consideration and deliberates on the amount of money that a person needs to pay the court in order to secure their temporary freedom. The idea behind asking someone accused of a crime to pay the court money for release is to ensure the accused will show up for their court appearance. It is possible to pay the amount in cash or in collateral, such as that person’s house deed. Once the accused person makes all of their court appearances, the amount paid in bail is returned. Should that person miss a court date, they forfeit their bail and risk being imprisoned.
Many people don’t have the ability to pay their bail, and so they ask friends and family for help, or if that fails, turn to a bail bonds agency for a surety bond, or a surety. Before someone secures a surety bond from an agency, they must pay a percentage of the bond to the agency. The percentage paid is not refundable, and is the method through which the agency makes money. Sureties are not payments per se, they are promises from the bail bond agencies that the person who is being bailed out of jail will show up to all of their court appearances. Should the defendant miss a court date, the surety also promises the court that a cash payment will be made to the court. Bail bondsmen work to make sure that the person accused of a crime shows up to their court appearance, as otherwise the agency must pay the court. In that sense, both the court and the bail bonds agency have the same goal: get the accused in court, on time.
Both a cash bond and a surety bond require cash to be paid, with a cash bond the entire amount of bail is paid to the court, and with a surety bond a percentage of the bail is paid to the bail bond agency. In both cases a defendant is then free from having to wait in jail until their court appearance, and so most people take advantage of the opportunity to bail out of jail.